Outside the walls towards the south, up and till the XVI century, courtesy of Ferdinand I a convent for the Cappuccini monks was established. Thus giving name to the district which lies close to the sea and heads out towards the countryside. An area rich in fields and vegetation that gave way to the start of the “strada Maestra” (main road) that led to “Montenero” (black mount). A district full of store rooms, housing, squares and ample warehouses, all served with a small hospital, a cemetery and inhabited by people of humble origins. Thanks to the “Leggi Livornine” (Livornian laws) and the privileges granted by them, an influx of merchants and traders started to arrive, mainly English. Evidence of which is the English cemetery that can still be found in Via Verdi (Verdi Street).
The Cappuccini quarter began to really grow to such a point that in 1827 it boasted 9500 inhabitants. It was a rural area with agricultural produce, sheltered by the harbour walls with a healthy sea air, free of marshes allowing a fertile and productive landscape. These days the district is still a colourful and lively everyday area with people proud of their neighbourhood: Fishermen, sailors, artisans and local artists; a community that still keeps strong traditions tied into rowing races, fishing and the open sea.